Articles

This is a list of all the 'Articles' in the order they were published. Articles present the main facts on a topic clearly and accurately in around 2000 words. They may include discussion of different research trends or major points of difference within current research or opinion. Articles include a summary of the most important points contained in the article. To customise your search, use the 'category' buttons, or the search function.

The most common definition of the Nordic region: Greenland, Iceland, The Faroe Islands, Denmark, Norway, Finland and Sweden. Ssolbergjderivative work: Citypeek [CC BY-SA 3.0]

2019.02.25 | Article, Mary Hilson, Region-building

The Nordic region

The Nordic region, or Norden, may be defined as consisting of the five sovereign states Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, plus the three autonomous territories connected to these states: the Faroe Islands and Greenland (Denmark) and Åland (Finland). These states are widely considered to form a distinctive region by virtue of their…

Even though the Nordic countries have high levels of gender equality, the caring professions, such as working in daycare or with the elderly, are dominated by female workers.

2019.02.22 | Article, Astrid Elkjær Sørensen, Gender, Labour markets

Gender segregation in the Nordic labour market

Since the 1960s the Nordic countries have been renowned for their high level of gender equality as they have amongst the world’s highest employment and education rates for women. At the same time the Nordic countries also have greater horizontal segregation by sex than the rest of the EU, that is, most women work in different occupations than most…

2019.02.21 | Article, B.J. Epstein, Culture

Translation in the Nordic countries

From a global point of view, few people speak the Nordic languages. Translation is therefore an everyday necessity for many Nordic people who do business and exchange ideas with those outside (and to some extent inside) the region. This has led to a healthy translation industry. Often up to 60% of books published by Nordic publishers are…

A section of Jørn Rønnau's bench entitled 'Bænk finder sted' (The bench exists) commissioned to celebrate Danish author Svend Åge Madsen's 60th birthday. The Royal Library, Aarhus, Denmark.

2019.02.21 | Article, Michael P. Barnes, Culture

Linguistic variety in the Nordics

Quick overview: In Denmark the principal language is Danish, with about 5,750,000 speakers (in 2018), but varieties of German are spoken in northern Slesvig by some 20,000 people, and Denmark is also host to 10,000 or more Faroe Islanders, whose native language is Faroese. Sweden has approximately 10,000,000 speakers of Swedish; in addition there…

It is often argued that a smothering state or the market forces of neoliberalism stifle civil society. Residents of Nordic countries remain active, however, although civil society organisations have changed considerably since the hey-day of 'movements' in the nineteenth century. Photo: clothes collection for refugees, Copenhagen Central Station in September, 2015.

2019.02.21 | Article, Norbert Götz, Culture, Democracy

Civil society in the Nordics

The Nordic experience is characterised by an upward spiral of development resulting from a close interconnection between a strong civil society and a strong state. The term ‘civil society’ was initially used in the Nordic countries as an alien concept to denote antagonism to the dominance of the welfare state. From the late 1990s, civil society…

Input from labour market organisations and other interest groups can be fed into decision making from the local to the national level. Photo: Benjamin Child, Unsplash.

2019.02.21 | Article, Norbert Götz, Public policy, Democracy

Corporatism and the Nordic countries

Corporatism is about the influence of organisations and interest groups on policy making. The Nordic countries are societies with strong interest groups, acknowledged and privileged by the state, that wield considerable influence on policy making and implementation. Corporatism, or neo-corporatism, is found within industrial relations, but is also…

Arctic Council's graphic representation of its constituent parts (CC BY-ND 2.0).

2019.02.19 | Article, Ann Legreid, Cooperation, The Nordics in the World

Arctic Council

The Arctic Council was established in 1996 by the Ottawa Declaration with the intent of fostering “cooperation, coordination, and interaction between the Arctic states.” Member parties work together towards the sustainable development of the Arctic region. Member states, Permanent Participants and others, including observers, meet formally in…

National trade union confederations have played an important role in Nordic society and politics throughout the twentieth century. Today, their role is increasingly challenged.

2019.02.19 | Article, David Redvaldsen, Labour markets

Labour movement in the Nordic countries

The 'labour movement' refers to the network of political, industrial, voluntary, educational and recreational organisations with a socialist or labour ethos. From the late nineteenth century, its aim was to improve living and working conditions for blue-collar workers and their families, and was organised around national trade union…

Utlendingsdirektoratet, Norwegian Directorate of Immigration. Photo: Brage.aronsen, Wikimedia

2019.02.18 | Article, Kristina Bækker Simonsen, Multiculturalism, Public policy

Political approaches to immigration in Scandinavia since 1995

Immigration has been described as one of the policy areas where Denmark, Norway and Sweden have differed most since 1995. In 2018, Denmark was amongst the most restrictive countries in Western Europe, Sweden the most liberal and Norway somewhere in-between. These differences can be explained, at least to some extent, by divergent approaches to…

Despite being latterly less popular, Nordic trade union confederations still provide millions of workers with advice and the public with information. Photo: a graph by the Swedish LO showing the percentage of unionisation by work type and gender.

2019.02.18 | Article, John Logue, Labour markets

Trade unions in the Nordic countries

Trade unions play a more important role in Nordic politics and economics than they do in most other countries. This is largely a result of their organisational success, which has made them key actors in policymaking as well as in collective bargaining.

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