Multiculturalism and globalisation:

Multiculturalism and globalisation

Articles on this page intend to address not only how researchers approach and understand issues such as multiculturalism, diversity, mobility, Europeanisation and globalisation, but also how Norden interacts and is seen by the wider world. This include the categories minorities, belief systems and the arts. Globalisation is interpreted widely. New articles are added regularly.


The premises of the independent social research foundation FAFO, Borggata 2b, Oslo, Norway. FAFO helped to secretly organise the talks preceding the Oslo Accords. Photo: FAFO

2019.02.22 | The Quick Read, Norbert Götz, Globalisation, The Nordics in the World

Internationalism and the Nordic countries

The internationalism of the Nordic countries is characterised by a general commitment to international institutions and law, agenda-setting and bridge-building between North and South, East and West alike. The Nordic countries traditionally provide high levels of development aid. These and other characteristics have elicited diverse responses,…

Utlendingsdirektoratet, Norwegian Directorate of Immigration. Photo: Brage.aronsen, Wikimedia

2019.02.18 | Article, Kristina Bækker Simonsen, Multiculturalism, Public policy

Political approaches to immigration in Scandinavia since 1995

Immigration has been described as one of the policy areas where Denmark, Norway and Sweden have differed most since 1995. In 2018, Denmark was amongst the most restrictive countries in Western Europe, Sweden the most liberal and Norway somewhere in-between. These differences can be explained, at least to some extent, by divergent approaches to…

A psalm book written in Lule Sami (or Lule Sámisk). Photo: Olve Utne, Wikimedia Commons

2019.02.11 | The Quick Read, Thomas Hylland Eriksen, Minorities, Multiculturalism

Sami language

A member of the Finno-Ugric language group and thus related to Finnish, Sami consists of three branches, sufficiently different from each other to be considered as separate languages.

2019.02.11 | Article, Thomas Hylland Eriksen, Multiculturalism

Multiculturalism in the Nordic countries

The term multiculturalism is treacherously ambiguous. Sometimes it refers to the mere fact of cultural diversity, but usually it means a degree of respect and political recognition of cultural difference within a polity, in other words a kind of ideological stance.

The European Council's poster for the The European Treaty of Regional or Minority Languages. Finland, Norway, Sweden and Denmark have all ratified it. Iceland has signed it but is yet to ratify it (as of February 2019).

2019.02.08 | Article, Thomas Hylland Eriksen, Minorities, Multiculturalism

Minority languages in the Nordics

Linguistic minorities have existed for centuries, such as the Finns and Sami in Sweden. Since 1960s minority languages have often been associated with immigration. Since 2000 and even before, policies with regard to minority languages have ranged from assimilation on the one hand, where the majority language is a necessity, to multicultural…

Caption from The Foreign Workers' Journal (Fremmedarbejderbladet), a monthly newspaper aimed at foreign workers in Denmark in different languages from 1972. Copyright: Adjs [CC BY-SA 4.0], Wikimedia

2019.02.07 | Article, Thomas Hylland Eriksen, Minorities, Multiculturalism

Ethnic minorities in the Nordic countries

A minority is a clearly distinguishable group or category of people who comprise less than half of a national population. Minorities in the Nordic region include the indigenous people the Sami, national minorities, such as Germans in Southern Denmark, immigrants from other Nordic and neighbouring countries as well as further afield, and other…

Several women holding a banner reading "vores hjem" (our home) at a demonstration against the so called 'ghetto list', Copenhagen September 2018.

2019.01.16 | Article, Nicola Witcombe, Public policy, Multiculturalism

Compulsory childcare in socially marginalised areas in Denmark

In Denmark, according to a law passed in December 2018, parents who live in certain areas designated by the government (dubbed 'ghettos') have to send their children from the age of one to nursery as part of an effort to increase integration. The initiative illustrates several important aspects of a Nordic state-run nursery system and Nordic…

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